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Structure Learning and Causal Learning

Witkowski, P.P., Park, S.A., Boorman, E.D. (2022). Neural mechanisms of credit assignment for inferred relationships in a structured worldNeuron (in press).

Boorman, E.D., Witkowski, P.P., Zhang, Y., Park, S.A. (2021). The orbital frontal cortex, task structure, and inferenceBehavioral Neuroscience (special issue on "The Magical OFC"). 

Park, S. A., Miller, D.S.Boorman, E.D. (2021). Novel inferences in a Multidimensional Social Hierarchy Use a Grid-like Code. Nature Neuroscience241292–1301

News and Views by Du, M. and Parkinson, C.  (2021). Navigating Social KnowledgeNature Neuroscience, 24, 1195–1197. 

Park, S. A., Miller, D.S., Nili, H., Ranganath, C., Boorman, E.D. (2020) Map Making: Constructing, Combining, and Inferring on Abstract Cognitive MapsNeuron, 107: 1–13. 

Commentary by Bellmund J.L.S. (2020). Piecing Together Cognitive Maps One Dimension at a Time. Neuron, 107:996-999.

Boorman, E.D., Rajendran, V., O’Reilly, J.X., Behrens, T.E. (2016). Two computationally and anatomically distinct learning signals predict changes to stimulus-outcome associations in hippocampus. Neuron, 89:1343-54. 

Boorman, E.D., Rushworth, M.F. (2009). Conceptual representation and the making of new decisionsNeuron, 63:721-3.

Domain Generality: Reward-based and Social Learning

Park, S.A., Sesito, M, Boorman, E.D., Dreher, J.C (2019). Neural computations underlying strategic social decision-making in groupsNature Communications, 10.1038.

Hill, M.R., Boorman, E.D., Fried, I. (2016). Observational learning computations in single neurons of the human anterior cingulate cortexNature Communications, 7:12722. 

Boorman, E.D., O’Doherty, J.P., Adolphs, R., Rangel, A. (2013). The behavioral and neural mechanisms underlying the tracking of expertiseNeuron, 80:1558-71. 

Behavioral Adaptation

Boorman, E.D., Rushworth, M.F., Behrens, T.E. (2013). Ventromedial prefrontal and anterior cingulate cortex adopt choice and default reference frames during sequential multialternative choiceJournal of Neuroscience, 33:2242-53. 

Mobbs, D. Hassabis, D., Yu, R., Chu, C., Rushworth, M., Boorman, E., Dalgleish, T. (2013). Foraging under competition: The neural basis of input matching in humansJournal of Neuroscience, 33: 9866-72. 

Boorman, E.D., Behrens, T.E., Rushworth, M.F. (2011). Counterfactual choice and learning in a neural network centered on human lateral frontopolar cortexPLoS Biology, 9:e1001093. 

Boorman, E.D., Behrens, T.E., Woolrich, M.W., and Rushworth, M.F.S. (2009). How green is the grass on the other side? Frontopolar cortex and the representation of alternative courses of actionNeuron, 62:733-43. 

Valuation and Choice

Croxson, P., Walton, M.E., Boorman, E.D., Rushworth, M.F., Bannerman, D.M. (2014). Unilateral medial frontal cortex lesions cause a cognitive decision-making deficit in ratsEur J Neurosci, 40: 3757-65. 

Rushworth, M.F., Noonan, M.P., Boorman, E.D., Walton, M.E., Behrens, T.E. (2011). Frontal cortex and reward-guided learning and decision-making. Neuron, 70:1054:69. 

Boorman, E.D., Sallet, J. (2009). Mean-variance or prospect theory? The nature of value representations in the human brain. Journal of Neuroscience, 29:7945-7. 

Boorman, E.D., O’Shea, J., Sebastian, C., Rushworth, M.F.S., Johansen-Berg, H. (2007). Individual Differences in White-Matter Microstructure Reflect Variation in Functional Connectivity during ChoiceCurrent Biology, 17:1426-31. 

Action Control

Higo, T., Mars, R.B., Boorman, E.D., Buch, E.R., Rushworth, M.F. (2011). Distributed and causal influence of frontal operculum in task control. PNAS, 108:4230-5. 

Buch, E.R., Mars, R.B., Boorman, E.D., Rushworth, M.F. (2010). A network centered on ventral premotor cortex exerts both facilitatory and inhibitory control over primary motor cortex during action reprogrammingJournal of Neuroscience, 30:1395-401. 

Mars, R.B., Klein, M.C., Neubert, F.X., Olivier, E., Buch, E.R., Boorman, E.D., Rushworth, M.F. (2009). Short-latency influence of medial frontal cortex over primary motor cortex during action selection under conflictJournal of Neuroscience, 29:6926-31.

Siebner HR, Bergmann TO, Bestmann S, Massimini M, Johansen-Berg H, Mochizuki H, Bohning DE, Boorman ED, et al. (2009). Consensus paper: combining transcranial stimulation with neuroimaging.  Brain Stimulation, 2:58-80.

O’Shea, J., Sebastian, C., Boorman, E.D., Johansen-Berg, H., and Rushworth, M.F.S. (2007). Functional specificity of premotor-motor cortical interactions during action selectionEuropean Journal of Neuroscience, 26:2085-95.


Bhagwagar Z, Wylezinska M, Jezzard P, Evans J, Boorman E, Matthews PM, Cowen P J (2008). Low GABA concentrations in occipital cortex and anterior cingulate cortex in medication-free, recovered depressed patientsInt J Neuropsychopharmacol, 11:255-60.

Book Chapters

Jocham, G, Boorman, ED, Behrens, TE (2015). The neurobiology of value-based decision making. In: Robin Murphy and Rob Honey (Eds.) The Wiley handbook on the Cognitive Neuroscience of learning. Wiley-Blackwell. 

Boorman, ED and Noonan, MP (2011). Contributions of ventromedial prefrontal and frontal polar cortex to reinforcement learning and value-based choice. In: Rogier Mars, Jerome Sallet, Matthew Rushworth, Nick Yeung (Eds.) Neural basis of motivational and cognitive control. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Rushworth, MFS, Boorman, E, Mars, RB (2009). Comparing brain connections in different species using diffusion-weighted imaging. In: Johansen-Berg H & Behrens TEJ (Eds.) Imaging brain pathways - Diffusion MRI: From quantitative measurement to in-vivo neuroanatomy. Amsterdam: Elsevier.